Four Seasons of the Year and their Months

The Four Seasons of The Year : Best 4 seasons of the year FREE ESL Printables

A season can be defined as one of the four divisions of the year marked by specific kinds of weather.

What Causes the 4 Seasons of the Year ?

As Earth orbits around the sun, it also rotates around its axis. This is an imaginary North-South line. This axis is tilted by 23.4º compared to Earth’s orbit, so that one part of the planet is always closer to or farther away from the sun, the fact that causes seasons to occur.

What are Four Seasons of the Year ? All Seasons in a Year

the year is normally divided into four seasons. The four seasons names in English are:

  1. Spring
  2. Summer
  3. Fall or Autumn
  4. Winter

The letter N at the end of autumn is not pronounced.

Fall is used in American English. It is called fall in the United States because leaves fall from the trees at this particular time.

Autumn is used in British English.

The names of seasons are not capitalized in English unless they come as the first word of a sentence.

When Are the Four Seasons?

Since the year has 12 months, each season lasts about three months. However, the dates when the seasons begin and end change depending on the region/ country where you live. Our planet Earth is divided into hemispheres.

There is the Northern Hemisphere i.e. North of The Equator and the Southern Hemisphere i.e. South of The The Equator.

Seasons in the Southern Hemisphere are opposite to those in the Northern Hemisphere.

The beginning of each season marks the end of the last.

Seasonal Changes

Four Seasons

  1. In autumn the weather turns colder and often rains. The leaves start to change colour and fall off the trees.
  2. In winter the weather is cold and we sometimes get snow and frost. The trees have no leaves.
  3. In spring the weather usually turns warmer, trees begin to grow their leaves, plants start to flower and young animals such as chicks and lambs are born.
  4. In summer the weather is usually hot and trees have full green leaves

seasons of the year

Four Seasons of the Year and their Months


Winter is the season between autumn and spring.

Northern Hemisphere i.e. North of The Equator: December, January, February

Southern Hemisphere i.e. South of The Equator: June, July, August


Spring is the season between winter and summer.

Northern Hemisphere i.e.North of The Equator: March, April, May

Southern Hemisphere i.e. South of The Equator:  September, October, November


Summer is the season between spring and autumn.

Northern Hemisphere i.e.North of The Equator: June, July, August

Southern Hemisphere  i.e. South of The Equator: December, January, February


Autumn is the season between summer and winter.

Northern Hemisphere i.e.North of The Equator: September, October, November

Southern Hemisphere  i.e. South of The Equator: March, April, May

However, note that in some countries as Sweden and Finland, the dates of the seasons do not depend on the calendar at all, but rather on temperatures. This means that the seasons within each region begin and end on different dates, based on the regions and their climate.

In Iceland, the first day of summer is a national holiday. It falls on the first Thursday after April 18.

When is Winter ? When Does Winter Start ? When is the First Day of Winter ?

Winter 2022: from Wednesday, December 21, 2022 to Monday, March 20, 2023

Winter 2023: from Thursday, December 21, 2023 to Tuesday, March 19, 2024

Winter 2024: from Saturday December 21, 2024 to Thursday, March 20, 2025

when is spring ? when does spring start ? when is the first day of spring ?

Spring 2022: from  Sunday, March 20, 2022, to Tuesday, June 21, 2022

Spring 2023: from Monday, March 20, 2023 to Wednesday, June 21, 2023

Spring 2024: from Tuesday, March 19, 2024 to Thursday, June 20, 2024

when does summer start ? when is summer ? when is the first day of summer ?

Summer 2022: from Tuesday, June 21, 2022 to Thursday, September 22, 2022

Summer 2023: from Wednesday, June 21, 2023 to Saturday, September 23 , 2023

Summer 2024: from Thursday, June 20, 2024 to Sunday September 22, 2024

when does fall start ? when fall start ? when is fall ? when is the first day of fall ?

Fall 2022: from Thursday, September 22, 2022 to Wednesday, December 21, 2022

Fall 2023: from Saturday September 23, 2023 to Thursday, December 21, 2023

Fall 2024: from Sunday September 22, 2024 to Saturday December 21, 2024

Typical vocabulary related to each season

List of spring words, summer words, winter words, and autumn words in English for ESL students.

List of Winter Vocabulary Words

  • chimney
  • Boots
  • Snow
  • Log fire
  • Snowman
  • Socks
  • wind
  • snowstorm
  • firewood
  • frosty
  • wool
  • Skiing
  • Polar bear
  • Jacket
  • Scarf
  • snowfall
  • pullover
  • Beanie(U.K)
  • Snowflake
  • Sledge (U.K)/Sled (U.S)
  • Mittens
  • Hot drink
  • Penguin

Spring Vocabulary Words List

  • bouquet
  • Holiday
  • Rainbow
  • calves
  • Rain
  • Butterfly
  • colorful
  • Flowers
  • Grass
  • daisies
  • Ladybird(U.K)/ ladybug (U.S)
  • Mushroom
  • flourishing
  • germination
  • Nest
  • meadow
  • newborn
  • rosebud
  • sowing
  • Bird
  • Bee

List of Summer Vocabulary Words

  • Sun
  • Beach ball
  • Sand toy
  • Coconut palm
  • Beach
  • Deck chair
  • Sandcastle
  • Beach towel
  • Beach vendor
  • air conditioner
  • festivals
  • fireworks
  • hammock
  • insects
  • Swim trunks
  • Visitor
  • lawnmower
  • relaxation
  • weeds
  • Beach umbrella
  • Coconut
  • Goggles
  • Flip flops
  • pollen
  • Hat
  • Float
  • Sunglasses
  • Sun cream
  • sunburn
  • Surfboard
  • Canoe
  • Camping
  • Drink
  • Ice cream
  • fireflies
  • sweat
  • Park
  • Swimming pool
  • Garden
  • Travel

Autumn Vocabulary Words List

  • Apple harvest
  • nuts
  • squash
  • Falling leaves
  • school
  • brisk
  • howling
  • scary
  • gray
  • breezy
  • foggy
  • cool air
  • quilt
  • squirrel
  • long-sleeved shirt
  • hibernation
  • turkey
  • Pumpkin
  • Halloween
  • migrate
  • Back to school
  • Corns
  • windy day
  • Acorn

Adjective related to Seasons and Weather:

frostyspring greensunburntfallen
bitter coldbreezyunforgettablevivid
foggybuzzinglight outenjoyable

IN + Season

We use the preposition IN before a season.

  • Kids love going to the beach in summer.
  • In winter, It rains a lot.
  • There are many flowers in spring.
  • Leaves fall from the trees in autumn.

    Four Seasons of the Year PDF Vocabulary Posters: ESL Educational Resources

These are high-quality vocabulary posters in full color that you can print. They are ideal for classroom use or at home in the bedroom.

the four seasons


four seasons


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